Welcoming a dog or puppy into your home is certainly exciting, but it is important for would be dog parents to prepare carefully. It is important to understand the needs of the dog and to prepare the home environment accordingly. It is also important to properly train and socialize the animal so that he or she will be not only a lifelong part of the family but a valued member of the canine community as well.
There are some things that every new dog owner should know, and those important tips are the focus of this article.
Tip #1 – Puppy or Adult Dog? Avoid a Snap Decision
While many animal lovers automatically gravitate to those cute and cuddly puppies, the advantages of adopting an older animal should not be overlooked. An older dog can be a good fit for many people, and it is important for first time dog owners to consider both puppies and more mature dogs.
Some of the advantages of the older dog can include a more settled personality, fewer potty training issues and a calmer home. Older dogs can also be less prone to injuries caused by well meaning but overactive younger children.
Of course older dogs can also come with deeply ingrained training issues and other problems, and every situation is unique. The bottom line is that it is important to choose all the options in order to find the best fit you’re your home and family.
Tip #2 –
Be Careful Where You Buy Your New Dog It is an unfortunate fact that there are many bad breeders out there, and it is important for all dog lovers to steer clear of these unethical businesspeople. Paying a personal visit to the breeder of your new puppy is a good start, but it is important to look around with a skeptical eye. If you can show up a little early for your appointment you may be able to better gauge the true nature of the kennel.
Look for signs of problems such as animals that appear sick, cages that look too small, dirty cages, etc. In addition to these practical gauges, let your gut be your guide. If something doesn’t seem right your inner voice may be trying to tell you something.
Tip #3 –
Research Possible Health Problems from the Start New dog owners, especially those with their heart set on a purebred animal, will need to be aware of the various health problems that plague certain breeds. From hip dysplasia issues with some larger breeds to heart problems in some small dogs, it is important to be aware of these possible heart breaking problems.
So take the time to do some research about the particular health issues that can affect your chosen breed. Then interview breeders with that information in hand. Genetic tests exist for many of the most common problems, and responsible breeders test their dogs and puppies prior to placing them in loving homes.
Tip #4 – Think About Training Before You Bring Your Puppy Home
Training should be an integral part of any dog owner’s life, and the time to research puppy training classes is before your new family member comes home.
There are many different training options available, from dog fancier clubs to special puppy kindergarten classes at the local pet store. It is a good idea to carefully research the options and observe a couple of classes before making a final decision.
Tip #5 – Find a Quality Veterinarian Right Away
All too many dog owners go looking for a vet when their pet becomes ill. It is far better to establish a relationship with a quality vet from the start. When looking for a vet, it is a good idea to ask for recommendations from family members, friends and coworkers. These people can provide the honest feedback you will need to make an intelligent and informed decision.
Many communities also provide independent research on the quality of local vets, and these resources can be quite valuable as well. When choosing a vet, it is also important to consider their proximity to your home. After all, emergencies do happen, and you will want to be able to get to the office quickly in the event something serious goes wrong. On a related note, be sure the veterinary office has after hours coverage for emergencies and that a vet will be on call at all hours of the day or night.
Tip #6-Enroll in a Training Class Right Away
If you do end up adopting a puppy, it is a good idea to enroll him or her in a puppy kindergarten or similar training class as soon as possible. Getting training off to an early start will have many benefits for both two legged and four legged family members. For one thing, young puppies will retain their training much more easily than older dogs, and many of them will find the classes lots of fun.
Puppy training classes also give pets and their owners a great way to interact with one another in a casual environment. All dogs will need to learn how to behave around other animals and other people, and puppy training classes provide a safe environment for this type of learning.
Seek the Advice of More Experienced Pet Owners Many people who grew up around animals forget just how difficult it can be to welcome a new dog into the family. A new puppy or dog changes every aspect of the home environment, and that can be disconcerting for new dog owners. It is a good idea for new dog owners to reach out to their more experienced family members and friends, and vice versa.
The insights and experience provided by more experienced dog owners can be invaluable, and can cut months off the learning curve for those new owners. From training tips to food suggestions, this type of input is extremely important.
Tip #8 – Let Your Puppy Play
Toys are more than fun; they are a valuable learning tool for growing puppies. Make sure your new puppy has plenty of chew.
One of the most important commands you can teach your dog or puppy is to “come” when called. Having a dog that “comes” on command can in fact save his or her life! It can be one of the easiest or the most difficult commands to teach, depending on how you handle it. If you work to make “come” as positive as possible you will have an easier time and will have a puppy who comes when called.
Every puppy begins his/her new life looking to you and your family for guidance. You call your puppy and she happily bounds to you. Alas, one day you call your puppy, she stops what she is doing, looks at you and either ignores you or bounds away. Do not despair. All puppies do this. You may think “No, not my dog!”, but it will happen. You will wonder what is going on, as this has never happened before. Welcome to the “Flight Instinct Period” of your dog’s social development. All dogs, as a sign of maturity, hit this period between the ages of 4 and 8 months. It is an act of independence, of discovering the wide wonderful world. How you handle your puppy at this time will determine the reliability of your dog, as an adult, coming to this command.
Even dogs that have not been properly trained during this time period can be trained to “come” when called. It is the same as teaching a puppy this command.
Here are some very important points to remember when teaching the “come” command:
It is very important that your dog does not get a negative association with the command “come” so never call your dog to discipline, or call him to do something he finds unpleasant.
Be aware of the words that you use. DO NOT use “come on” or “come here” when walking. Many people use these phrases for their walking command. This will confuse your dog.
Make sure you call your dog in a commanding, yet upbeat manner. You have to be more inviting than whatever has got the dog’s interest.
Intermittent food treating is acceptable for the “come”. Have the dog “come”, “sit”, you touch the dog’s collar, then treat or pet. This prevents the token visit from the dog .
Make sure you touch the dog’s collar before you pet or treat!!
Use the following game to help teach come:
Walk briskly with your dog on a loose lead. Pick a moment when your dog is not paying attention or is slightly distracted. This is the moment when you want to use this game. Command your dog in the following manner: “(dog’s name), come!” while you quickly take five or six steps backwards. You do not want the dog to realize what you are doing before you do it – make sure the dog is not really paying attention to you! If the dog does not respond instantly and come to you, use a quick leash tug. The dog must respond immediately to the word “come”, so if the dog turns around upon hearing “come”, a snap is not necessary. Once the dog is returning to you, keep the leash loose and encourage with verbal praise and body language. DO NOT reach out to the dog, have the dog touch you first – THEN lots of petting and praise. If the dog goes past you, just turn around and tug the leash. Do not say “come” again. Just coax the dog with words. Then pet and praise when she/he touches you.
Practice the following exercise to help teach come:
This exercise is done from a sit/stay, or sit/wait, with you at the end of the leash (or farther away if you have a partner helping you or if the dog is trustworthy and safe). As your dog does well with the sit/wait, start down/wait and then call him to you.
The hand signal is to bring your right hand up to your left shoulder in a large sweeping motion. As you give the hand signal, you say “dog’s name” & “come” using a firm, but happy tone of voice. Guide the dog straight in to you. Try not to pull on the leash. If need be, move backwards to encourage the dog to you. When the dog gets to you, command him to SIT in a gentle tone of voice, and guide him into a sit directly in front of you. Give verbal praise only.
This is wonderful for a dog who just tunes his/her master out. A loud whistle is very exciting to a dog. If you can’t whistle, a toy whistle (or any for that matter) will do. Begin in the house. When your dog is not looking at you or is in another room – whistle. The first time you do it the dog will probably look at you out of curiosity. When he/she does, use lots of praise to encourage the dog to you. Use the intermittent treating system.
Use the game of Fetch to help your dog respond quickly to the command “come” and have fun while doing it. When your dog is bringing the object back to you tell your dog to “come” in a very happy tone of voice. If you do this when your dog has almost reached you it will help to associate the act of “coming” with the command “come” in his mind. It is a win-win situation!
Anytime your dog responds to the command… PRAISE LAVISHLY !!!
!!! Teaching a dog to “come” takes time and work. This is the first command a dog must respond to whenever he/she is off leash. You will have setbacks, but be consistent and make it fun!!
Play games with your dog that encourage the dog to respond. These will make learning fun for the dog, and also for you.
Some good games to try are fetch, round robin, hide and seek
Make sure to touch the dog’s collar before giving treats or petting.
There are a variety of dog training collars used in dog training. Some professional dog trainers advocate one type of collar and only use that type of collar for training dogs, while other dog trainers say that type of collar should never be used in dog training. Of course, each dog trainer uses their own method of dog training, and the type of training collar they use reflects the dog training method they use. This article is about the various types of dog training collars, their proper use, and in some cases, how they are properly put on the dog.
The Slip (aka Choke) Collar
The Slip Collar, also known as a Choke Collar, is a length of chain, nylon rope, or other fabric, with rings on both ends. If the collar is made out of chain, it is commonly referred to as a “choke chain”. By pushing the chain or fabric through one of the rings, a loop can be formed which can be put over the dog’s head and around his neck. That leaves the other ring free for attaching the leash.
Putting the Slip Collar on the dog With most training, specifically obedience training, the dog is normally on the left side of the trainer/handler. To put the collar on the dog correctly, with the dog on your left, the part of the collar connected to the free ring should go over the dog’s neck. To check that the collar is on correctly, you can pull on the free ring to tighten the collar, then release it. The collar should be loose. If the collar is not on the dog correctly, even after you release the free ring, he collar will stay snugly around the dog’s neck. When the collar is put on properly and is snug around the dog’s neck the free ring should be about 11/2″ to 3″ from the dog’s neck.
Proper use of the Slip Collar When training with the Slip Collar, the collar should be just behind the dog’s ears. The slip collar is NOT for pulling or choking the dog. It is to give the dog a correction, when it’s needed. The correction is given by applying a sharp jerk to the leash. This means that you quickly pull on the leash to tighten the collar, then immediately release the pressure so that the collar is loose. The strength of the jerk should be just enough to get the dog’s attention and is a function of the size, build and temperament of the dog. Obviously the strength of a correction for a Beagle would be a lot different than one for a German Shepard.
The Martingale Collar
The Martingale Collar is like a slip collar in that it tightens when the leash is pulled. The big difference is that it can only tighten a certain amount so that it won’t choke the dog. It consists of a length of fabric with a ring on both ends. A short piece of fabric or chain goes through both rings and has both its ends connected to one ring, to which the leash can be attached. When the leash is pulled, the collar tightens to where the two rings touch each other. It has an adjustment so that the tightest it can get is just snug around the dog’s neck. Because the Martingale Collar is usually wider than the Slip Collar, it spreads the pressure on the dog’s neck and prevents the collar from getting tangled in the dog’s fur.
Putting the Martingale Collar on the dog The Martingale collar, after it’s properly adjusted, is just slipped over the dog’s head and ears. Some of them have a quick release buckles that can be used, especially if the dog ‘s head is much larger than its neck.
Proper use of the Martingale Collar The Martingale Collar is used in the same way as the Slip Collar. It is less severe than the Slip Collar in the discomfort it gives the dogs, but can be just as effective. Because the Martingale Collar can’t choke the dog, it can be used as an everyday collar as well as a training collar.
The Prong (aka Pinch) Collar
The Prong Collar, also known as a Pinch Collar, is designed to simulate the way the mother dog disciplines the puppies by pinching the skin on the neck. The prongs of the collar are not designed to puncture the skin. Some Prong Collars have rubber or plastic tips that can be put on the ends of the prongs. The collar is made up of interlocking prongs that form a circle around the dog’s neck with a short piece of chain attached to it much the same way as in the Martingale Collar. That way, the collar can only be tightened so that the prongs pinch, but don’t penetrate the skin. The size is adjusted by adding or removing prongs.
Putting the Prong Collar on the dog The Prong Collar is slipped over the dog’s head and ears the same way as the Martingale Collar is. Some Prong Collars have a latch on the short piece of chain that makes it easier to put on the dog.
The proper use of the Prong Collar It is important that the Prong Collar is the right size for the dog. You should be able to put the tip of your little finger between the end of the prong and the dog’s skin when the collar is loose. The Prong Collar looks more severe than it is. It gives the dog a different sensation than the Slip or Martingale Collars. It doesn’t really close in on the dog’s neck as much as it pinches the dog’s skin. As with the Slip Collar, the strength of the jerk should be just enough to get the dog’s attention.
The Head Collar
The Head Collar is usually made out of nylon and has two basic parts. One goes around the dog’s neck and the other is a noseband that goes around his muzzle.
Teaching your puppy to come is probably the most crucial lessons they should know and may be just about the most fun and also easiest so that you can teach. Your goal is always to reward your puppy in terms of you IT DOESN’T MATTER WHAT. Always become happy and work towards making sure there isn’t any shred regarding doubt within your dogs mind concerning whether it should come.
Years back one regarding my clients said that the girl dog ALWAYS stumbled on her… Each and every time. Even on the dog park and also from 92 yards apart. I knew that couldn’t are already the case because if it have been true the girl dog undoubtedly wouldn’t have got needed education. As it proved the puppy did constantly come yet never emerged close enough to carry and set the leash about. In the particular dog’s mind it absolutely was much more pleasurable to enjoy ‘chase’ and extremely unpleasant being caught and also taken residence. This is why it’s imperative to make that fun for your dog to access you. In any dangerous situation you may have to get any leash on your own dog and acquire it to be able to safety quickly and that means you don’t need any hesitation relating to the command along with your dog’s effect.
The first and a lot important area of the training is your dog comes the past 3 toes and enable you to put the hands on that. Start by finding pleasure in your puppy, petting that for 25 seconds to have it thrilled and happy and run again about four or five feet and just stand right now there. If you might have done that right your puppy will obviously want a lot more and appear running for your requirements. When it can come for your requirements reward it constantly then duplicate the exercise several times. You should not give your puppy a control yet, just produce a big game away from ‘Pet, Play and also Run’ right up until it catapults for your requirements every moment you shift away. Do this kind of for no less than 20 three to five minute sessions for approximately a few days.
When the truth is that the dog’s reply is excellent and sound it’s time and energy to add the particular “Come” control. Only point out the control once but issues laid a solid foundation your puppy will arrive at you quickly and happy each and every time because you get it actually fun. Remember to maintain the reward and returns.
What to accomplish if your puppy absolutely is not going to come? Wear it leash so that it can’t acquire distracted and also use food or even a toy not merely as motivation but in addition as a reward when it extends to you. Should you this, be sure to pet and also play along with your dog actually intently just before giving it the foodstuff or the particular toy. Together with some puppies, it’s also beneficial to have these sit and also stay right towards you. This may help keep their particular focus preventing the above exuberant puppy from jumping for you.
Another excellent practice usually takes place with mealtime. Support the dog’s foods, call canine to an individual and work backwards. Praise and also pet your puppy when it extends to you and give slightly food. When they finish the foodstuff, tell these “Come”, work back and also repeat the particular sequence. Right after several practice just permit them end the food. We call a ‘jackpot reward’ and you may ‘jackpot’ canine at haphazard times in the course of training to produce the puppy think the excess special handle is coming the very next time.
There can be an important take into account teaching your puppy to appear that must not be overlooked. If canine doesn’t come initially you contact it USUALLY DO NOT repeat the particular command. By saying “Come” right up until it executes the job, you’re in fact weakening the ability to attain your goal which can be for canine to reply immediately for the command.
So keep these guidelines in mind in your training:
- The particular “Come” command should be known as practice rather than a analyze
- Simply practice you might say you know will probably be successful
- Will not ever duplicate the control
- Will not give virtually any cause for your dog never to come entirely to an individual
- Reward your puppy every moment it uses the control
Because the particular “Come” command will probably be used in lots of different situations you need to start incorporating some variations for the training sessions which can be still fun to your dog to master. A excellent exercise if you are on any walk is always to give the particular “Come” control at unforeseen times and run apart. Your puppy will figure out how to react immediately for the command and arrive at you with lightning velocity. Keep surprising your puppy with the particular command and also gradually raise the distance you hightail it. When your puppy becomes good at this you’ll find nothing like any playful video game of “Hide and also Seek” helping to make your puppy work harder to get you.
Another solution to increase the dog’s effect and speed is always to do any ‘restrained recall’. Use a friend hold your puppy by the collar or perhaps leash next run and also call it as you have recently been doing. The puppy might struggle to access you which is ok. The goal is always to get your puppy to genuinely wish to get for your requirements so don’t possess your good friend do anything to stop it coming from pulling with this exercise. Once you call canine make positive your associate knows to be able to drop the particular leash straight away and allow the dog arrive at you. While your puppy is coming you need to encourage that by clapping, recommending, praising and also smiling.
There are dog-training methods you could comply with to make sure that you could manage it conveniently such as pet stage whisper, benefit training as well as remote control training.Knowing these strategies all will certainly make Efficient Pet Educating simpler to handle.
Efficient Pet dog Training is essential for your canine and also you ought to recognize you have to make an initiative to mingle your pet dog. You have to reveal your canine to the outdoors globe, so that it will certainly not daunt various other individuals.
Regardless of numerous canine training techniques to pick from, some instances noted right here are classified in the adhering to order:
- Techniques relying on finding out concepts as a picture of actions control
- Techniques depending upon pet ethology consisting of regular or routine pet practices or habits.
- Some techniques according to exercising concepts which might be arranged within 3 unique subcategories:
- one) Normal training of your canine (unfavorable support).
- 2) Favorable training.
- 3) Blended methods.
Various other such features of these strategies are actually understandable and also pleasurable to finish. Such approaches typically aren’t generally based after workouts of obedience as well as preferred to obtain solutions for such behavior problems.
Not quickly evident if the alpha idea started, we can believe that the eighties rather extensively acknowledged the buzz on this principle. Cesar Millan and also Jan Fennell would certainly be one of the most well known writers for these approaches.
It actually is an issue that those recognized for exercising these previously mentioned strategies do not believe concerning themselves to be fitness instructors. Their cases are of being people that could connect to pooches with a deep recognition of a canine’s body language as well as habits.
One distinction that is definitely noteworthy with clicker-training when compared to various other techniques is carrying out a remote control for that initial instance. The remote control is frequently a tiny device when a clicking audio comes from when it is pressed. This is accomplished to keep in mind the full minute in case the pooch executes a habits.
Ethology, a scientific research generally taken into consideration to be based upon research studies from the actions or varieties within an all-natural circumstance. Commonly, it can research naturally or those that are not instinctive conventional actions of all varieties.
Numerous writers take into consideration these strategies have structures in scholastic research studies inning accordance with examining the nature of packs of wolves. These strategies were additionally thought about and also carried out following your various years of research from the habits of pooches.
Whilst choke-collars appear to be much more generally utilized, we have the ability to think about exactly how the different techniques have the tendency to be drawing in dogs in contrast to typical dog-training.
Clicker-training normally is considered being a preferred dog-training approach.
One circumstances of reprimanding, might be in case of striking your family pet or screaming since your pooch has actually climbed up into an elbow chair. Ultimately completion outcome is that you might possibly encourage your family pet canine to jump from the elbow chair, nevertheless, little or no real scenario will certainly guarantee that this climbing up might not occur a 2nd time. Such unsolicited effects might exercise to ensure that the pooch might attack you, come to be rather scared after your look or experience fears around elbow chairs.
The most common response for the utilizing of blending of organization with such stylish actions, as an instance, leaving the attack sleeve, are difficult to welcome without usage of negative-based support.
Cynics of such canine training think that this approach and also dog-training tools entailed are needlessly vicious and also barbaric as well as certainly not really Efficient Pet Dog Training. Furthermore they think such a procedure might possibly trigger hazardous security impacts, consisting of anxiety attacking & damages to the throat from the canine.
Regardless of being so typical, such monitorings are incorrect. Performance of favorable dog-training is after that exercised each and every single day by several solution dogs for impaired proprietors, or cops dogs, competitors pooches and also executing pooches.
In spite of fitness instructors that apply a range of techniques and utilize such favorable kinds of support, frequently they generally avoid making use of food for support functions. In case the instructor needs to make use of a reinforcer of favorable usage, it often tends on a disposition to pick video games as opposed to food as a benefit.
Techniques that give pet dog ethology generally think about the dog’s all-natural behavior patterns, however generally neglect the essentials for the knowings of concepts.
Unfavorable Canine training was initially initial syntheticed for battle pooches. This innovation was helpful in cases preceeding the very first globe battle. This training technique was consumed by instructors which are private citizens after the 2nd globe battle duration, and also swiftly had actually ended up being developed as approved regular technique.
Maybe extensive examination right into these ethology research studies can allow a much more open minded perspective to canine actions. Approaches based on ethology could never ever offer clear adequate standards also with the help of “dog-whisperer” high up-and-comers like Jan Fennell as well as Cesar Millan.
The absent aspect of negative-based support, or penalty & collars for training such as choke, shock or prong could enable favorable canine training remedies a means for both dogs as well as their proprietors. Such a component might well be the noticeable benefit for such type of training.
Unfortunately, ethology-based techniques vary from an additional, with there being no actual requirement on their part. Numerous techniques appear being composed of just prominent ideas and also not on real research studies.
Efficient Pet dog Training is essential for your pet as well as you ought to recognize you have to make an initiative to mingle your pet dog. Therefore, the pet will likely be comprehending exactly how to lay down by means of a favorable dog-reinforcement technique.
Champions of such ethology-based techniques take into consideration these techniques to be a typical method to’ talk’ with dogs. Such champs additionally utilize even more pleasant treatments.